Diabetes mellitus is becoming a common disease these days. This ailment imposes strict restrictions on the diet, and the main task is to lower blood sugar levels. Fruit is one of the life-saving foods for diabetics. The most useful of them are in our rating.
Grapefruit: elastic vessels
The laurels of the most anti-diabetic fruit go to grapefruit. The main credit goes to the naringenin it contains. It increases the susceptibility of diabetics to their own insulin, normalizes cholesterol levels, and makes the liver burn fat. The high vitamin C content, combined with vitamin P, increases the elasticity of the blood vessels. Doctors recommend daily consumption of 200-300 grams of fresh grapefruits, making juices from them and adding them to salads.
Orange: vitamin boost
If the bitterness of the grapefruit is not to your taste, it can be replaced with a sweet orange. The pulp of this citrus contains only healthy carbohydrates, a large amount of vitamins A, C, E, beta-carotene and lutein. Vegetable fiber slows down the absorption of sugar from the blood. Antioxidants reduce the risk of strokes and heart attacks that diabetics often have. However, you should not get carried away with this fruit – the daily allowance should not exceed two oranges.
Watermelon: healthy gut
Watermelon contains negligible amounts of fructose and carbohydrates, so diabetics can include it in their daily diet without fear. In addition, plant fibers help maintain the required sugar level. Of particular value is magnesium, which is rich in striped berries. This element stimulates intestinal peristalsis, relieves spasms that occur, and reduces nervous irritability. It is allowed to eat no more than 700 g of juicy pulp per day.
Apples: the heart is protected
Due to the high content of pectins, apples help prevent the development of atherosclerosis, and vitamin P is a good prevention of hypertension. Yellow and red varieties are especially rich in flavonoids, which staunchly protect the cardiovascular system from diseases and stop the development of cancer cells. It is recommended to eat no more than two apples per day, preferably with the peel. You can also bake them, add them to salads, make fresh juices or unsweetened compotes.
Quince: sugar is normal
Quince can be considered a medicine for diabetics. If there is a malfunction in their diet, this fruit will prevent the development of hyperglycemia. A large amount of hard fiber, which slows down the absorption of glucose, is another undeniable benefit of quince. Perhaps its biggest disadvantage is its specific taste and phenomenal rigidity. However, this is offset by the ability of quince to retain all the beneficial properties during any heat treatment. In addition, you can eat it in any quantity.
Pear: no – cholesterol
Doctors advise paying special attention to pears, in particular, to dessert varieties.
Carotene, beneficial enzymes and phytoncides turn these fruits into an excellent therapeutic and dietary product for diabetics. Freshly squeezed pear juice, concentrated or diluted 1: 1, has a powerful sugar-reducing effect. Fiber improves intestinal motility and enhances the process of bile secretion. As a result, the body is intensively relieved of cholesterol. The daily rate is no more than two pears.
Peaches: a metabolic stimulant
Peaches, contrary to popular belief, are not a forbidden fruit for diabetics. They contain special phenolic compounds that activate metabolic processes at the cellular level, which are disrupted in diabetes mellitus. However, varieties with a sour taste follow – they contain a minimum amount of sugar. In addition, it is not recommended to eat more than one fruit per day or combine peaches with other sugar-containing fruits.
Blueberries: diabetes without complications
Helpful for diabetes and blueberries. The tannins and glycosides contained in it perfectly regulate blood sugar levels. In some patients, over time, diabetic microangiopathy develops, which is characterized, among other things, by disorders of the retinal tissue. Blueberries help to restore the damaged structure, strengthen blood vessels and normalize blood circulation. Blueberry tea is especially useful for diabetes. It is easy to prepare it by pouring fresh or dry berries with boiling water and infusing for several minutes.
Kiwi: a healing cocktail for immunity
Kiwi is one of the favorite fruits for diabetics. Its regular use helps to cleanse the blood of harmful elements and normalize sugar levels. A maximum of fiber with a minimum of sugars, combined with beneficial enzymes, helps to quickly and thoroughly destroy body fat. Kiwi far exceeds all citrus fruits in terms of vitamin C content. And, as you know, this vitamin is useful not only for diabetes, but also for weakened immunity. Doctors do not impose strict restrictions on this fruit.
Cherries: more insulin
Sweet cherry also has a beneficial effect on the health of diabetics. Thanks to the rich reserves of anthocyanins, the secretion of the pancreas and the production of insulin are enhanced. Regular consumption of cherries reduces the risk of heart and vascular diseases. The most useful are red varieties of berries, fresh or frozen. But compotes and canned preparations are strictly prohibited. If diabetes is accompanied by high acidity and peptic ulcer disease, cherries should be completely abandoned.
The regular use of these fruits and berries is indicated not only for diabetics, but also for everyone who seeks to protect themselves from a dangerous disease. A generous portion of nutrients and energy is never superfluous.